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Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Parr

Ch. I. 1747-1752
Ch. II. 1752-1761
Ch. III. 1761-1765
Ch. IV. 1765-1766
Ch. V. 1767-1771
Ch. VI. 1771
Ch. VII. 1771-1776
Ch. VIII. 1771-1776
Ch. IX. 1776-1777
Ch. X. 1779-1786
Ch. XI. 1779-1786
Ch. XII. 1779-1786
Ch. XIII. 1780-1782
Ch. XIV. 1786-1789
Ch. XV. 1786-1790
Ch. XVI. 1776-1790
Ch. XVII. 1787
Ch. XVIII. 1789
Ch. XIX. 1790-1792
Ch. XX. 1791-1792
Ch. XXI. 1791-1796
Ch. XXII. 1794-1795
Ch. XXIII. 1794
Ch. XXIV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXVI. 1800-1803
Ch. XXVII. 1801-1803
Ch. XXVIII. 1800-1807
Vol. II Contents
Ch I. 1800-1807
Ch II. 1807-1810
Ch III. 1809
Ch IV. 1809-1812
Ch V. 1810-1813
Ch VI. 1811-1815
Ch VII. 1812-1815
Ch VIII. 1816-1820
Ch IX. 1816-1820
Ch X. 1816-1820
Ch XI. 1816-1820
Ch XII. 1816-1820
Ch XIII. 1816-1820
Ch XIV. 1819
Ch XV. 1820-1821
Ch XVI. 1816-1820
Ch XVII. 1820-1824
Ch XVIII. 1820-1824
Ch XIX. 1820-1824
Ch XX. 1820-1825
‣ Ch XXII.
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Biographical notices of some of the more distinguished scholars of Stanmore School—Julius—Gerrald—Pollard—Maurice—Beloe—N. H. and M. Alexander—W. C. and H. Legge—C. and J. Graham—Madan, &c. &c.

The glories of the painter, we see in the canvass, which his art has adorned with the forms and the colours of nature; those of the sculptor, we behold in the marble or the bronze, which his hand has modelled into the shape, and almost inspired with the life, of breathing and animated existence; and where are we to look for the honours of the instructor, but in the minds, which he has cultivated and improved, or in the characters, which he has contributed to form to excellence, moral and intellectual? As the clarissimum sui monumentum, this and the few remaining pages are devoted to short biographical notices of those pupils of Dr. Parr, who have reflected lustre on his name, as their preceptor, by their talents or their learning; by the distinguished reputation they have acquired, or by the elevated stations to which they have attained.

Commencing with the “worthies of Stanmore:” pre-eminent among these, was William Julius; of whom it is high praise to say that he was captain of the school, at a time, when that honour could have been won only by extraordinary deserts and extraordinary exertions. “He was a most excel-
lent scholar,” says his fellow-pupil,
Mr. Maurice, “a native of the tropic, a soul made of fire, and a child of the sun.” Of his history, since leaving Stanmore, little is known to the present writer. It appears that he entered into holy orders; and was engaged by Dr. Parr, as an assistant in his school at Colchester. He is the author of a “Fast Sermon” preached February 10, 1779, of which this account is given in the Bibliotheca Parriana.—“It is intended to show the tyranny and oppression of the British King and Parliament, respecting the American colonies, and is inscribed to the Congress.”

Of the high-minded, richly-endowed, but most ill-fated Joseph Gerrald, the second in the scale of merit, the melancholy story has already been told.1 Here, therefore, it is only necessary to add that, while at Stanmore, he shone, a star of splendour, amidst a constellation of young men, of whom some were eminently distinguished by their intellectual powers and attainments. Mr. Maurice pronounces him to have been “an incomparable scholar;” and mentions, as no small proof of his proficiency in Greek learning, that in the representation of the Œdipus Tyrannus of Sophocles, “he went eloquently through a part of eight or nine hundred lines, without a pause or a blunder!”

Another name, which stood high in the scale of honourable distinction at Stanmore, was that of Walter Pollard; who, like the friend of Sir Philip Sidney, wished above all to be known to posterity, as the intimate and beloved associate of

1 Vol. i. chap. 22.

Sir William Jones. He was the second son of Dr. Pollard, a physician of eminence at Barbadoes. Early in life he was sent to England to be educated; and was placed first at Eton, and afterwards at Harrow School. For the ability which he displayed, and for the application which he exerted, he was the pride of his tutor, Mr. Roderick, and the delight of his master, Dr. Sumner. When Dr. Parr, foiled in the object of his honourable ambition, retired from Harrow, Mr. Pollard, at his own request, formed one of the youthful throng, who followed him to Stanmore. Hence, in 1772, he removed to Emanuel College, Cambridge, where he maintained and increased the reputation which he had previously acquired; and, by his ingenuous temper, his sportive humour, his sprightly manners, his virtuous principles, and his literary attainments, gained the love and admiration of all his fellow-collegians. He was particularly happy in obtaining and long possessing the friendly regards of,that accomplished nobleman and elegant scholar, the Earl of Hardwicke; of Mr. Hamilton, afterwards Marquis of Abercorn; of Mr. Manners Sutton, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury; and of the celebrated William Pitt—all men of Cambridge.

But amidst the delights of interesting study and dignified society, at the end of the third year, he was painfully surprised, and almost overwhelmed, by intelligence of the entire destruction of his fathers estate, and the total ruin of the family fortunes, by one of those dreadful hurricanes, so frequent in the West Indies. Obliged immediately
to leave Cambridge, with a view to the study of the law, he entered himself of the Inner Temple. But having a small estate in Virginia, secured to him by his father, he was induced in 1780 to visit America. Here he continued for some years; and here, at one time, it was his intention finally to settle. Embittered, however, in his spirit, by some vexatious disappointments, he changed his purposes; and, in 1789, returned to England.

On his arrival in his native country, he was received with sincere welcome by his two noble friends, Lords Hardwicke and Abercorn; and, in no long time, chiefly by their influence, he obtained from Mr. Pitt the appointment of Comptroller of the Exchequer. Thus placed in a situation exactly suited to his wishes, he passed the remainder of his days, in the enjoyment of ease united with dignity, in the pleasing interchange of active duty and retired study; and in the possession of those greatest and purest of delights, which virtuous friendship affords. He closed an honourable course, remarkably chequered with the good and the evil of life, towards the end of the year 1818.1

Thomas Maurice, a name so often referred to in the earlier parts of these volumes, received the first part of his education at Christ’s Hospital. But on the death of his father, many years master of the school, belonging to the same foundation at Hertford, the son was removed to Mr. Wesley’s seminary at Kingswood, near Bristol, by the direc-

1Stephani Ciceronianum Lexicon. Exdono juvenis optimi doctissimique G. Pollard 7. Cal. April, 1783. S. P.”—Bibl. Parr. p. 266.

tion of the Wesleyan Methodists, with whom his mother had unfortunately connected herself. She was even betrayed into a marriage with one of their local preachers, who had fixed a longing eye upon a considerable fortune, which she possessed. An appeal was afterwards made to the Court of Chancery, in behalf of the family, with a view to the protection of the property; which ended, as is too often the case, in the success of the suit, and the ruin of the suitors—”Victor plorat.”1

Thus released from unjust controul, though with the loss of almost all his paternal inheritance, Mr. Maurice left Kingswood; and having fixed his choice on the clerical profession, it was at length determined by his friends to send him for the completion of his education to Stanmore School. Of his first introduction to Dr. Parr, he has himself given the following account:—

“When, according to previous appointment, we met, I was neither terrified by his quick, penetrating glance, nor dismayed by the awful magnitude of his wide, overshadowing wig. I felt, however, degraded in the presence of so great a scholar. I repeated the tale of my early calamities, and ingenuously confessed my profound ignorance. His answers were, in a high degree, candid and consoling; and having been shown some specimens of my poetic talent, he honoured them with a gratifying but guarded eulogy.”2

Almost from his first arrival at Stanmore, Mr. Maurice had the good fortune to engage the particular notice of Dr. Parr; by whom, not only were

1 Juvenal. 2 Memoirs, Part I. p. 60.

his studies conducted with extraordinary care, and the benefit of private, added to that of public instruction; but by whom, also, his pecuniary wants were generously supplied, though with small hope of ever receiving any adequate remuneration. On his part, Mr. Maurice was not negligent in availing himself of the advantages, now offered; and for the first two years, at least, his attention to literary pursuits was close and persevering; though, interrupted after that time, as he ingenuously confesses, by schemes of pleasure too frequently introduced, and by acts of dissipation too thoughtlessly allowed. Upon the whole, however, his diligence was commendable.

From Stanmore, at the age of nineteen, Mr. Maurice removed to Oxford; and by the direction of Dr. Parr, was entered of University College, and placed under the tuition of Mr. Scott, now Lord Stowell. But though removed from the immediate inspection, Mr. Maurice was not withdrawn from the kind and almost paternal cares, of his late preceptor; who still watched and guided him, in his conduct; still directed and animated him, in his studies; and still continued to impart, out of no abundant resources, the pecuniary aid, which his necessities called for. Thus Dr. Parr writes to him in a letter, dated Stanmore, Feb. 10, 1775.

Maurice—Among your numerous well-wishers, there is not one who thinks of you more favourably, or feels for your interests a greater anxiety, than myself. You have now an opportunity of pursuing your studies vigorously, under the arrange
ments formed for your accommodations; and of laying a broad and solid foundation for future fame and happiness. A steady adherence to the line, which I have marked out, will secure you both. One thing more, though no longer my pupil, I must beg to impress upon you. Amid the temptations of Oxford, I earnestly recommend you frequently to revolve in your mind the many serious conversations, which have passed between us. Considerations of this kind will tend to repress the ebullitions of your too great natural volubility. I wish to see you a scholar: but, above all, I am solicitous for your moral conduct. That, indeed, is of infinite, of everlasting concern! May you think it so; and may your caution be proportioned to the difficulties you have to combat, and the distinction you may obtain.”

At Oxford, Mr. Maurice proceeded to his degree of B.A.; and being soon afterwards ordained by Bishop Lowth, he entered upon the duties of the sacred office, as curate of Woodford, in Essex. Though his literary labours were immense; and though his zeal in the cause of high-orthodoxy and ultra-loyalty was ardent and active; yet the rewards, he received, were scarcely commensurate with his fair and reasonable expectations. The most auspicious period of his life was about the year 1800; when he obtained the vicarage of Worm Leighton, in Warwickshire, the office of assistant librarian to the British Museum, and the governmental pension, which had been formerly bestowed on the poet Cowper. The latter portion of his life was grievously embittered by a
dreadful distemper of the nervous kind, for which human aid could afford no relief. At length, from the sufferings of helpless and hopeless misery, he was happily delivered by his death; which happened March 30, 1824, in the seventieth year of his age.

Mr. Maurice’s publications were numerous. As a poet, he obtained considerable applause in his day. But he is chiefly known to the present public as the author of “Indian Antiquities,” in 7 vols, and the “History of Hindostan,” in 6 vols. In these works vast labours and wide research are every where conspicuous; and the composition, in general, is powerful and splendid; but not often chaste or elegant. The author has brought together a rich variety and abundance of materials; but in the art of compression, and in the skill of arrangement, he is extremely deficient. In his pages, fanciful conjecture too often takes the place of historical fact; rhetoric is too much employed instead of reasoning; large conclusions are drawn from scanty premises; and the strength of assertion far exceeds the weight of evidence. But the greatest fault of all is, the avowed adoption of a pre-conceived system, and the determined adherence to it, from the commencement, through the whole progress of the work: since, in such a case, the danger is extreme, of perverting language, of distorting appearances, and misrepresenting facts, in order to support a favourite theory. Perhaps a more lamentable instance of learning and genius, bewildered and lost in the deceitful mazes of hypothesis, has been rarely seen than in the “Indian
Antiquities;” and, though in a less degree, in the “History of Hindostan.”

Of Mr. Maurice, as a man and an author, the opinion entertained by his preceptor was upon the whole favourable: and gratifying indeed to the pupil, if he had survived, would have been the testimony which Dr. Parr placed among the sacred records of his Last Will; and expressed in these terms—“I have long admired him for his fertile and lively imagination; for his various, and many of them profound researches; and for his open and generous heart.” On his part, Mr. Maurice has recorded his sentiments of esteem and gratitude towards one of his first and best friends, in several of his publications: and amongst other instances, may be noticed, the following inscription on one of the plates in the “Indian Antiquities:”—“To the Rev. S. Parr, LL.D., my preceptor in youth, my firm friend in more advanced life, this plate, in grateful testimony of science acquired and talents improved, is respectfully inscribed by T. M.”

But a favourable opinion of the author, and, to a certain extent, of the works on which his literary fame principally rests, did not prevent Dr. Parr from perceiving all their great and glaring defects. Besides the want of order and method, of which all Mr. Maurice’s readers complain, Dr. Parr could not approve of the hypothetical principles on which so much of his principal work is written; and he thought that in his main object the author had entirely failed. Like Sir William Jones, he could not but gaze with wonder, or smile in derision, at the idea of seeking support for the great leading
article of the popular theology in the Indian triads, or the Jewish sephiroth: and he stood aghast at the absurdity of supposing that, in the Hebrew Scriptures, a most important doctrine is taught, which the people for whose use those Scriptures were written, from the earliest to the latest times, have never discovered. This he thought an absurdity too palpable to find admission into any fair and unprejudiced mind; though supported by some great authorities in former times, and though even more lately approved by
Bishop Horsley,1 and adopted by Bishop Tomline.2

In recording, among the pupils of Dr. Parr at Stanmore, the name of William Beloe, what has been before alluded to must now be distinctly told;3 and told it cannot be without shame and grief, that the last act of his life was an unworthy act of injustice and ingratitude. In his “Sexagenarian,” printed in his lifetime, but published after his death,4 he has put forth, in too many of its pages, insinuations of spleen and tales of scandal, tending to wound the feelings, or to sully the fame, of many honourable and virtuous men; and among these he has rudely and wrongfully assailed the character of one of his earliest and one of his best friends, Dr. Parr. To him, coming from such a hand, cruel, indeed, was such a blow. For “what would be slighted from an enemy, and then

1 Letter from Bishop Horsley to Mr. Maurice. Mem. part ii. p. 178.

2Elements of Theology,” vol. ii. p. 74.

3 Vol. i. p. 75.

4Beloe’s Sexagenarian, or the Recollections of a Literary Life,” 2 vols.

would seem but as a falsehood, often wounds like truth, when spoken by one who is esteemed a friend.”1

In this unhappy publication, Mr. Beloe holds out, under the offensive name of “Orbilius,” the most unfavourable representations of that distinguished master, “under whose care,” he yet acknowledges, “that he became a good scholar,”1 and, “by whose exertions the foundations of his literary character were laid.”1 Sometimes by sly insinuation, at others by open assertion, Mr. Beloe imputes to him shameful capriciousness and cruelty in the exercise of his authority; though in direct contradiction to the uniform testimony of his pupils; scarcely excepting Mr. Beloe himself, whom the force of truth compels thus to speak:—“I cannot say that he was ill-humoured.”3 But besides general invective, there is one specific charge, which may seem to require particular notice.

It appears that some “very reprehensible act of indelicacy had been perpetrated in the school;” and that Mr. Beloe was unjustly suspected of being the guilty person; though, as he himself adds, when questioned, “he was so perplexed and agitated that he must have appeared guilty to every one but the real culprit.”4 This unfounded suspicion, however, according to his own statement, was accompanied with no direct charge, and was followed by no threatened or inflicted punishment; full justice was afterwards done to him; and honourable atonement was offered and accepted.

1 Shakspeare. 2 Beloe’s Sex. vol. i. p. 19. 3 Ibid. p. 25.

4 Ibid. vol. i. p. 23.

But whilst peace was thus proclaimed with the lips, he feels no shame to confess that deep resentment then and for ever rankled in his heart.1 Even in after life, though he wore the semblance of friendship to
Dr. Parr, and solicited, or received without soliciting, the aid of his purse, his pen, his advice, and his interest, yet still the offence of one groundless, but unavoidable suspicion was such, he avows, as could never be forgotten or forgiven, through the whole course, even to the very end, of life.

It is not easy to conceive a more palpable case of “complaint without reason,” or “malice without cause,” than that which Mr. Beloe has here made out against himself. The true secret, however, of this mighty and immortal hate, may probably be discovered in the following statement of a fact, which he has thought proper to conceal: but which, in an article written by Archdeacon Butler,2 has since been revealed.

Whilst at Stanmore School, so much was young Beloe the object of general dislike, amounting even to abhorrence, that “a deputation from the fifth and sixth forms waited on the master to represent the general wish of the school that this boy should be removed.” After listening to facts, and weighing consequences, Dr. Parr, in a private communication with the boy’s father, advised him “to withdraw his son from a situation, in which it was evidently impossible he should continue.” This, in all probability, was the real injury, “in-

1 Odium in longum jaciens.

2 Monthly Review, February, 1818.

calculable,” as Mr. Beloe is pleased to call it, which he so long and so deeply resented. But, even in this case, “what best is, he takes the worst to be.” For praise, surely, rather than blame, in this affair, attaches to the master of Stanmore School. The order and the harmony of the little community, over which he presided, was seriously disturbed by the bad temper, or bad conduct, of one individual: the removal of that individual became therefore necessary; and the measure, which necessity required, with the kindest consideration for him, was carried into effect in the manner least likely to be offensive to his feelings or injurious to his reputation. And yet it was for this, it should seem, that Mr. Beloe felt no regret, whilst living, no remorse, when dying, to leave behind him a public avowal of enmity long masked under the appearance of friendship—a confession of secret grudge, constantly cherished towards the person whose kindness he scrupled not to ask and to accept, so long as it was wanted; but whose feelings he hesitated not to insult, and whose character to vilify, when that kindness was wanted no longer!

Soon after leaving Stanmore, under these discreditable circumstances, Mr. Beloe went to Cambridge, and was admitted at Bennet College. But, even here, so great were the faults of his temper, that, as he himself relates, in no long time he was proscribed from all friendly intercourse with his fellow-collegians; or, to use his own expressive words, “he was avoided as a dangerous malignant.”1 Thus, left in a great measure to himself,

1 Beloe’s Sexagenarian, vol. i. p. 34.

as he ingenuously confesses, he was permanently benefited; and by careful endeavours to improve his mind and to controul his temper, at length he recovered the good opinion he had lost. His abilities and his attainments were, unquestionably, very considerable: and nothing but his own perverseness of temper could have prevented him from receiving at first all those respectful attentions, in his college, which, he says, he obtained at last. In 1777 he gained the declamation-prize, with great honour; and, 1779, proceeded to his degree of A.B., at which time he was the senior member of the college.

Early in 1800, Mr. Beloe was chosen assistant teacher, under Dr. Parr, of Norwich School. Here he continued three years, “steadily performing the duties of his office:” and, with a look of complacency, and a manner of civility, but with no heart of love, holding daily communications with one, “to whom,” as he says, “the greatest scholars of the day bowed their heads; whose learning was alike various and profound; whose intellectual powers were bounded by no ordinary limits; whose conversation could not fail to be instructive; and whose friendship was by many considered as synonymous with patronage.”1—In that friendship, Mr. Beloe, at least, found patronage: and his present appointment as the first-fruits of it, he owed to the kind intercessions of one, whom living he hated, and dying he defamed.

In 1803 Mr. Beloe removed to London; and, within the space of a few years, he obtained the

1 Sexagenarian, vol. i. p. 169.

mastership of Emanuel Hospital in Westminster, the vicarage of Eastham in Norfolk, the living of Allhallows, London Wall, and a prebendary, first of Lincoln, and afterwards of St. Paul’s, London. But the appointment, most of all agreeable to his wishes, that of under librarian to the British Museum, he soon lost, in consequence of some valuable articles being purloined, by a person whom he had permitted, too incautiously, to examine the books and drawings. Removing from the British Museum to Kennington, here he passed the remainder of his days; and here, April 11, 1817, he died.

Mr Beloe’s works are, a “Translation of Herodotus,” 4 vols. 8vo.—“A Translation of Aulus Gellius,” of which the long and the learned preface was furnished by Dr. Parr: and this is another instance of that kindness, which Mr. Beloe received without gratitude; or at least with gratitude, not powerful enough to subdue the resentful feelings, which he concealed and cherished in his mind, to the last moment of life. He was also one of the original projectors of the “British Critic;” and, in conjunction with Archdeacon Nares, conducted it to its forty-second number, when he resigned it to others. Here, also, he obtained much valuable assistance from Dr. Parr. “Anecdotes of Literature and Scarce Books,” was another considerable work; in which, however, Mr. Beloe promised more than he performed: and the public expectation was consequently much disappointed. To this catalogue remains to be added Mr. Beloe’s last work, “The Sexagenarian:” concerning which
the first wish of all his best friends must have been, that it had never been written, and their second, that it had never been published. Though undoubtedly there are in it many interesting narrations, many pleasing anecdotes, many just and striking observations, and much easy and elegant writing: yet, as a whole, it must be marked and reprobated as “the annals of scandal:”1 and it is impossible to deny the truth that is mixed with the severity of the following report of it made by the public critics:—“It is a book which, for presumption, mistatement, and malignity, has rarely, within our knowledge, been exceeded, or even equalled.”2

If the account in the preceding paragraphs could not be written, without strong feelings of regret—it is with unalloyed sentiments of pleasure, that the writer proceeds to record, among the pupils of Dr. Parr, the honourable names of Nathaniel and Henry Alexander, and their cousin Monsey Alexander, nephew of James Dupré

1Beloe’s Sexagenarian.—Dr. Parr is compelled to record the name of Beloe as an ingrate and a slanderer. The worthy and enlightened Archdeacon Nares disdained to have any concern in this infamous work. The Rev. Mr. Rennel, of Kensington, could know but little of Beloe. But having read his slanderous book, Mr. Rennel, who is a sound scholar, an orthodox clergyman, and a most animated writer, would have done well not to have written a sort of postscript. From motives of regard and respect for Beloe’s amiable widow, Dr. Parr abstained from refuting Beloe’s wicked falsehoods; but Dr. Butler of Shrewsbury repelled them very ably in the Monthly Review. S. P.—Bibl. Parr. p. 393.

2 Monthly Review, February, 1818.

Alexander, governor of Bengal, afterwards created Earl of Caledon. The first, of whom Dr. Parr speaks, in his “Last Will,” as “his much-respected pupil,” is now the Lord Bishop of Down. The second, Henry, distinguished himself as a powerful speaker in the Irish House of Commons: and when that parliament was, under the lure of false or broken promises, cheated out of its existence, he was for some years chairman of the committee of ways and means, in the British House of Commons. Afterwards he was appointed colonial secretary at the Cape of Good Hope; and there, in 1817, he died. The third, Monsey, was the grandson of the celebrated and eccentric,
Dr. Monsey, physician to Chelsea Hospital. He was a good scholar, particularly skilful in making Greek and Latin verses; and therefore much courted by the dull or idle boys of his class. His mental powers, as well as his literary acquirements were very considerable: and he had much of that love of disputation, and pertinacity of opinion, which distinguished his extraordinary grandfather; but united with little of his eccentricity, and with none of his severity of temper, or roughness of manner. After completing his education at Oxford, he entered into the clerical profession; and was appointed tutor to the present Earl of Bristol. Subsequently, he obtained a considerable living in Ireland: but, by a violent fever, caught in the zealous discharge of his parochial duties, he was carried off in 1795, in the 38th year of his age.

Among the Stanmorian scholars, deserving of honourable mention, were the three sons of the
truly virtuous and religious
Earl of Dartmouth, of whom Dr. Parr speaks in his “Last Will,” as “his honoured patron.” Alas! these three noble youths, the Honourable William, Charles and Heneage Legge, all perished, at no distant period after leaving Stanmore, in the ardent pursuit either of literary honour, or military glory. The first, of whom alone the writer is able more particularly to speak, was intelligent and accomplished; and excited, in a high degree, the hope that in him dignity of birth and station would be truly ennobled by virtuous and elevated character. His memory was honoured, by his affectionate and afflicted tutor, with a Latin inscription, engraven on his tomb in Switzerland; where he died, and was buried.

Two names of great respectability next occur, in those of Charles and James Graham, sons of the late excellent Dr. Graham, of Netherby, in Cumberland—whose ample fortune was devoted, in no scanty portion, to the noblest purposes of diminishing the ills of life, and increasing the sum of human happiness. He died early in 1782; and was followed to his grave, within only a few days, by the elder of his accomplished sons, just after his marriage, and at the moment of his accession to one of the largest estates in his native country. The survivor is the present Sir James R. Graham, Bart., the present member for Carlisle.

Martin Madan is another name, not unworthy to be recorded among the distinguished scholars of Stanmore. He was the son of the celebrated preacher at the Lock Hospital in London, who is
well known to the public as the translator of Juvenal and Persius, and still more as the author of “
Theliphthora,” in which, to the great scandal of the whole civilized and Christian world, the lawfulness of polygamy is maintained. His son, Martin, was a young man of genius, but cynical in his temper and eccentric in his conduct. He appeared with credit at the bar; and was the author of a periodical paper of some humour, entitled “The Traiteur.”

Of Dr. Thomas Monro, one of his highly-respected pupils, the learned preceptor has himself expressed all he thought, in a public discourse, delivered on one of the most interesting and important occasions of public charity, which occur in the metropolis. Having spoken of mental disease, as one of the most awful visitations of Providence, and, therefore, as one of the justest objects of human compassion, he thus proceeds, “Pardon me, my hearers, if, speaking upon this subject, I give vent to my feelings; and pay a just tribute of praise to the learning, wisdom, integrity, and humanity of that excellent person, who was once my scholar, and is now physician of your hospital.” On leaving Stanmore, at the end of 1776, Dr. Monro went to Oxford, and entered of Oriel College. Here, under the direction of his tutor, the late Provost, the Rev. Dr. Eveleigh, of whom he reverently speaks as a most excellent man, he pursued his studies with a view to the profession which he had chosen. Thence he removed to London, where he fixed his residence; and where, for the long space of forty
years, he continued to practice in that profession, with great reputation and success. In 1820, he withdrew from his public duties; and is now living in retirement, at Bushey, near Watford, in Hertfordshire.

Three names next occur in the list, with which the writer has been furnished, worthy to be respectfully noticed among the Stanmorian scholars. The first is that of John Wright, whom Dr. Parr designates as “his learned and highly-esteemed pupil,” and who is the author of a volume of Latin poetry; the second, that of William Cuninghame, now of Enterkine, in North Britain, and the author of a work entitled the “Principles of the Constitution of Government;” and the third, that of Adam Askew, son of the celebrated Dr. Askew; to whom, as one of his earliest and best friends and patrons, Dr. Parr ever felt and acknowledged the most important obligations.

The catalogue of distinguished Stanmorian names is not yet closed. The following still remain to be added—alas! that the whole addition should be in the melancholy form of an obituary! Thomas Charles Fountayne, son of the Dean of York, who died, whilst pursuing his studies at Cambridge—George Downing, afterwards a conveyancer of eminence in London, who died from over-exertion, in discharging his duty as one of the Light-Horse VolunteersRichard Birch, who held an honourable post at Bengal, where he died, a victim to the climate—Thomas Norbury Kirby, afterwards president of the council in his native island of Antigua; where he died full of honours,
but not full of days—and
Daniel Barwell, who, returning home from India, where he had acquired an ample fortune, was wrecked off the coast of Zealand; when, swimming with a valuable bulse of diamonds, his only remaining treasure, firmly grasped in the one hand, and stemming the waves with the other, he had nearly reached the shore; but being almost exhausted, he called for help to a Dutchman, who instantly rushed into the water, received from his out-stretched hand the diamonds, and then left him, unaided, to perish in the sea!